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Crash statistics show that children are safest when properly secured in a child restraint system. The child restraint system should be appropriate for the age and weight of the child, and secured in a rear seating position. Failure to use an appropriate child restraint system greatly increases the risk of death or serious injury in the event of an accident.


Seat belts, or suitable child restraints, should be used by all vehicle occupants, for every trip, no matter how short. Failure to do so greatly increases the risk of death or serious injury in the event of an accident.


Even with advanced air bags, children can be killed or seriously injured. Never place a child in any type of child restraint or booster seat in the front passenger seat. Children under the age of 13 should always travel in a rear seat.


The information contained in the following table may not be applicable to all states and countries. The driver is responsible for conforming to the relevant laws.

When using a seat belt to secure a non-LATCH rearward-facing, convertible, or forward-facing type of child seat, make sure the seat belt's locking mechanism is used. See SEAT BELT LOCKING MECHANISM and also see CHILD RESTRAINT CHECK LIST.

Proper child safety seat use chart Buckle everyone: Children under the age of 13 travel in the rear
  Infants Toddlers Young children
Approximate age Birth to 1 year old. 1 year to 4 years old. 4 to 12 years old, unless over 4 ft 9 in (145 cm).
Weight Up to 20 lb (9 kg). 20 to 40 lb (9 to 18 kg). Over 40 lb (18 kg).
Type of seat Infant only or rearward-facing, convertible. Rearward-facing, convertible or forward-facing. Belt positioning booster seat.
Seat position See note below.* See note below.* See note below.*
Always make sure Children up to 1 year and at least 20 lb (9 kg) in rearward-facing seats. Harness straps should be at, or below, shoulder level. Harness straps should be at, or above, shoulder level. Most seats require a top slot for forward-facing seats. Belt positioning booster seats must be used with both the lap and shoulder belt. Make sure the lap belt fits low and tight across the lap and upper thigh area. Make sure the shoulder belt fits snug, crossing the chest and shoulder to avoid abdominal injuries.
Warning All children under the age of 13 should travel in the rear seats.
* The child should remain in a rearward-facing child seat until reaching the top height or weight limit allowed by the child seat’s manufacturer. Once the child outgrows the rearward-facing child seat, the child is ready to travel in a forward-facing child seat with a harness.

When fitting a rearward-facing child seat in the rear, it may be required to move the front seat forward and upward. Care must be taken not to load any part of the child seat when repositioning the front seat. The space available for front seat occupants is reduced by the fitment of a rearward-facing child seat in the rear.

If a head restraint has been removed to fit a child seat, make sure the head restraint is refitted before the seat is used by a passenger. See REAR HEAD RESTRAINTS.


Always store a removed head restraint securely. In the event of an accident, an unsecured object could cause serious injury or death.

Vehicles with adjustable second row seats:

Before fitting a child seat to a second row adjustable seat, adjust the second row seatback to the upright position to support the child seat.